If you have dark patches of pigmentation on your skin, trust us, you are not alone! Also, if you are wondering what causes these dark patches and how to get rid of them, read on!
Even though getting rid of these signs entirely is very difficult, there are certain steps you can take to prevent and reduce these brown patches and rough skin texture. Using sunscreen for the face is one of them.
What is Hyperpigmentation?
It is a skin condition that is caused when certain areas of your skin are darker than others. It is a common concern and most people across the world are affected by it differently. Hyperpigmentation can appear in smaller patches or sometimes cover the entire body. It usually happens when your skin produces more melanin than usual. The excess melanin (the pigment which gives your skin its colour) gets deposited deep within the skin and gives it a darker look compared to the surrounding skin.
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What causes Hyperpigmentation?
Some common causes of hyperpigmentation are as follows:
- Sun damage: UV rays from the sun are extremely harmful to your skin. They are responsible for up to 80 per cent of the premature skin ageing signs such as wrinkles and fine lines. Other signs of UV damage can be hyperpigmentation in the form of age spots which may arise due to lifelong exposure to the sun.
- Melasma: Patches of dark pigmentation occur on the face, which can also sometimes indicate hormonal changes. Melasma is mostly, but not exclusively, associated with pregnancy hormones. During pregnancy, it is often called the ‘pregnancy mask’.
- Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: When the skin experiences an inflammatory phase, like acne, superficial burn or eczema, it may produce dark spots after the healing process is over.
- Medical Conditions: In many cases, hyperpigmentation can also be a symptom of some underlying medical condition, such as Addison’s disease. If you’re not sure about the main cause of hyperpigmentation, the best course of action is to get in touch with a dermatologist.
How to prevent Hyperpigmentation?
Even though not all causes of hyperpigmentation can be prevented, you can still take some steps to prevent the onset of certain instances of hyperpigmentation.
- Avoid direct sunlight
Consider staying out in the direct sunlight, like during peak hours of 10 am to 2 pm. Opt for a sunscreen like CIEL Brightening Sunscreen SPF 40 and slather it onto your exposed body areas for optimum protection. You should also consider using an umbrella when outdoors.
- Use sunscreen for the face
Look for a sunscreen for the face which has an SPF of more than 30 and use it every day, even during winters. Try CIEL Cooling Sunblock SPF 50 which is an amazing combination of brightening ingredients and sun protection factors. It is lightweight and protects your skin from harmful UV rays and at the same time, also helps reduce early signs of ageing such as dark spots.